( Image source : Marc-Olivier Jodoin on unsplash.com)
Smart city means through real-time based Data solutions , digital networking and social innovations cities more livable and resource-efficient to shape . with this means permit themselves in the future , for example Energy networks and traffic flows smarter control , emission levels contain and new social rooms create . Currently place municipalities their Focus on classic , partly manual and therefore elaborate Data collection , less on integration and usage as exploitation of the data . Smart City must for this reason wider thought , the data situation with Massive with the help of modern sensor technology and AI software improved and sustainable data business models developed become , concludes one new Study by the TH Nuremberg in cooperation with the company LiangDao .
By 2050 will be two one-third of all people in cities live . Included increases the degree of complexity in the design and organization of the available room . Smart City has the claim to be digital, networked , sustainable and efficient on the growing challenges enter into and make the urban living space attractive and livable to make , in harmony with our environment.
The Federal Ministry of the Interior and Homeland (BMI) drives as more political responsible for the Smart City topic . It has been funding annually since 2019 around 30 cities in the framework of model projects technological and social innovations try .
In the new study to have the students and the participants municipalities with the following to ask busy : In which Smart City fields of application focus yourself the municipalities ? _ who cooperates with who ? And which ones technologies Find currently the most Application , and where is still air after above ?
The evaluation one Survey of 33 municipalities revealed the following Key results and recommendations for action :
1.When it comes to Smart City , stands at Municipalities put the application field “ mobility ” in the first place ( see Fig. 1). The majority of those surveyed municipalities states with the funding _ in front especially in transport infrastructure to invest . Included cooperate cities often among themselves and with research institutions , clearly fewer but with technology company . an overarching taking place exchange in between governmental , private and societal actors , can significant Advantages and added value for the municipalities bring . Therefor but you need it additional platforms which _ this exchange allow .
2. Municipalities place their focus in front mainly on the classic , partly manual Data collection , less on the subsequent integration and use this data . That is are loud opinion poll sensors beautiful far common , artificial Intelligence (AI) for example to the bulk data analysis plays but still one lesser role. Only a third of the municipalities sets the promotion to the purpose of central data management a . here be able political Initiatives such as the Mobility Data Space , a sensible complement represent .
3. Municipalities to have so far little experience or . know-how in field of LIDAR technology . More than half of the municipalities state themselves _ with LiDAR sensor technology still not dealt with to have . for one third of the municipalities is LiDAR so far still no term , in comparison to others so far used Sensors , such as radar and thermal imaging cameras . here there are for companies Potential to take advantage of the technology ( real -time capability , data protection compliance , 3D measurement) . mediate and so on application areas of Smart Cities develop .
4. A clear majority of municipalities would like more smart city applications in the future use , fails but often because of lacking follow-up funding by the federal government or through missing refinancing options . here Smart City must be broader thought , and data business models stronger with included become , conclude the young Researchers at the TH Nuremberg. Through the combined Use of sensors and digital networking , can transport infrastructure one supplementary Source of energy and information represent . out of it result yourself in turn numerous revenue opportunities through the resale of data to third parties , the sale of unused Plane on infrastructure and through subscription models or Infrastructure usage fees .
with progressive Digitization and increasing social Innovations can be seen with smart city applications cities more livable and environmentally friendly shape .
LiangDao sees yourself as Driver and platform for comprehensive smart city solutions . Intelligent software and reliable LiDAR sensor technology under consideration today Privacy Requirements enable smart city actors the end politics , economy and science novel comprehensive solutions to realize . in the As part of pilot projects , the company would like to seek dialogue and its own solutions under real conditions further expand and improve , for a sustainable and intelligent city of tomorrow.
The Munich Innovation Award 2021 for " improving the data basis to the still and flowing traffic " , like also the award as a top innovator 2022 rewards the previous one Dedication and motivates the ambitious company goals _ to maintain and continue as future-oriented partner new ways to go .
About the study
The six Students , Kevin J. Bockisch , Simon Kormann , Julia Oberschmid , Moritz Schweickert , Susanne Spychala , Ricardo Zaccaria , led in the frame one project under Headed by Professor Werner Fees im Subject Innovation and Technology Management WS 2021 at the TH Nuremberg online survey with 33 municipalities in Germany . All interviewed municipalities are in the as part of the federal government's Smart City initiative promoted been . The aim of the study was to find out to what extent politics is driving the Smart City issue , who are the main actors in this Area are which _ Fields of application it currently there and which ones potentials it still further to be exhausted .
Authors : Fabienne Frauendorfer , Sebastian Linzmair
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